Corrected or Updated Questions in ClearIAS Prelims Test Series 2018

Corrected Questions

ClearIAS aims for perfection. Errors in our exams are very minimal (less than 1% in a total of more than 5500 questions). But to err is human. However hard one may try, some minor human mistakes may creep in.

Policy of ClearIAS

It’s our policy to correct mistakes immediately if they are brought to our attention. As a best-practice, we have consolidated all questions, where there is any correction – on this page so that it will be easy for our readers for a quick revision. We thank all our students who bring to our attention any mistakes/errors in our exams.

Updated Questions/Answers/Learning Zone given below

Please find below, the updated version of the questions which had minor corrections. To avoid confusion, we are not mentioning what was ambiguous before, but we are just presenting the corrected or updated questions/answers/learning zone. You may note that the question number varies with respect to each test-taker.

New Test-Takers will see the updated questions automatically!

Those who are taking ClearIAS Mock Exams from now onwards will be seeing the updated versions during the mock exams. As the results of already completed exams cannot be revised for individual users, those who have taken these mock exams long time before may please refer this updated version of the questions before appearing in actual UPSC Prelims.

Updated Questions in GS All Topics – UPSC Prelims All India Mock Test (705PT)

Qn) With respect to the ‘Non-Confidence Motion’ in the Parliament of India, which of the following are correct?

  1. A gap of 60 days is required between two non-confidence motions.
  2. Non-confidence motion requires the approval of at least 50 members of Rajya Sabha.
  3. During the voting of the Non-Confidence Motion, all members of the Parliament should be present and no person will be allowed to leave.
  4. The first Non-confidence Motion was moved by J. B. Kripalani against Jawahar Lal Nehru.
  5. Indira Gandhi faced the most number of Non-Confidence Motions, but always proved majority in the house.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • A. 4 and 5 only
  • B. 2 and 3 only
  • C. 1, 4 and 5
  • D. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Correct Answer – A 

Learning Zone: The gap is 6 months in Indian House of People (Lower house). The upper house has no such powers. Non-confidence motion is about proving confidence in LokSabha. Only the present and voting are counted.

Acharya Kripalani moved the first-ever No confidence motion on the floor of the Lok Sabha in August 1963, immediately after the disastrous India-China War.

Updated Questions in Culture – UPSC Prelims All India Mock Test (502PT)

Qn 1) Tuglaq dynasty is identified by several changes in the Imperial style architecture. With reference to Tuglaq dynasty, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. The batter was a striking feature of Tuglaq architecture.
  2. Combination of the principles of the arch and the lintel and the beam.
  3. Used red sandstone as materials for construction.
  • A) 1 only
  • B) 1 and 2 only
  • C) 3 only
  • D) 1, 2, and 3

Ans: B

Learning Zone: The batter ie sloping walls were commonly used. Tuglaqs did not generally use the red sandstone, but they used the cheaper grey sandstone – for decoration.

Updated Questions in NCERT Geography – UPSC Prelims All India Mock Test (303PT)

Qn) Which of the following factors is/are responsible for the changes in the seasons?

  1. Rotation of the earth on its axis
  2. Revolution of the earth around the sun on a tilted axis
  3. The attraction of Moon and Sun

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • A. 1 only
  • B. 2 only
  • C. 1 and 2 only
  • D. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: B

Learning Zone: The earth has two types of motions, namely rotation and revolution. Rotation is the movement of the earth on its axis. The movement of the earth around the sun in a fixed path or orbit is called Revolution.

 

If the earth did not rotate, the portion of the earth facing the sun would always experience day and the other half would remain in darkness. Thus rotation is responsible for days and nights.

The earth is going around the sun in an elliptical orbit – that too on a tilted axis. Seasons change due to the change in the position of the earth around the sun. A year is usually divided into summer, winter, spring and autumn seasons.

Earth’s tilt is the reason for the seasons (and also variation in the length of day and nights). As Earth orbits the sun, its tilted axis always points in the same direction. So, throughout the year, different parts of Earth get the sun’s direct rays. The hemisphere receiving the direct rays of the sun has summer while the hemisphere tilted away from the sun, thus getting its rays from more of an angle, has winter.

Sometimes it is the North Pole tilting toward the sun (around June) and sometimes it is the South Pole tilting toward the sun (around December). It is summer in June in the Northern Hemisphere because the sun’s rays hit that part of Earth more directly than at any other time of the year. It is winter in December in the Northern Hemisphere, because that is when it is the South Pole’s turn to be tilted toward the sun

Thus, there are days and nights because of the rotation; and changes in the length of day and night in different seasons because of revolution of the earth on a tilted axis.

Source: The Earth: Our Habitat, Class VI, NASA website

Updated Questions in Polity – UPSC Prelims All India Mock Test (504PT)

Qn 1) Consider the following statements about the budget:

  1. The budget not only deals with revenue and expenditure but also ways and means to raise revenue.
  2. The Union budget of India concerns itself with all the ministries under the Government of India.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

  • A. 1 only
  • B. 2 only
  • C. Both 1 and 2
  • D. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Learning Zone: In addition to estimates of receipts and expenditure, the budget also concerns itself with ways and means to raise the revenue, details of actual receipts and expenditure of closing financial year and reasons for any deficit or surplus in that year, economic and financial policy of that year etc.Now, the Union budget includes those matters relating to Railways as well as in it. Previously there was a separate budget for Railways following recommendations of Acworth Committee, 1921. The railway budget which was separated from the general budget is now merged.

Updated Questions in NCERT Polity- UPSC Prelims All India Mock Test (305PT)

Qn 1) Consider the following statements about Gram Sabha:

  1. Gram Sabha means a body consisting of all persons whose names are included in the electoral rolls for the Panchayat at the village level.
  2. One must have attained 21 years of age to become the member of gram sabha.
Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?
  • A. 1 only
  • B. 2 only
  • C. Both 1 and 2
  • D. Neither 1 nor 2
Ans: (B)
Learning ZoneGram Sabha means a body consisting of all persons whose names are included in the electoral rolls for the Panchayat at the village level. The term is defined in the Constitution of India under Article 243(b).  One should have attained 18 years of age to become a member of grama sabha. Source: Class 6 NCERT – Social and Public Life

Qn 2. With reference to public health services, consider the following statements.

  1. Public health services are a chain of health centres and hospitals run by the government.
  2. Public health services are provided in urban and semi-urban areas only by the government.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  • A. 1 only
  • B. 2 only
  • C. Both 1 and 2
  • D. Neither 1 nor 2
Ans: (A)
Learning Zone: Public health services are a chain of health centres and hospitals run by the government and these services are extended including rural areas as health centres and linked with hospitals to cover both rural and urban areas. Source: Class 7 NCERT, Social and Public Life
Qn 3. When you find corporation official of your area has refused to get your area cleaned which has been stinking due to garbage piling up, which of the following writs would you use to make him work?
  • A. Habeas corpus
  • B. Prohibition
  • C. Quo Warranto
  • D. Mandamus
Ans: (D)

Learning Zone: Mandamus: This writ is issued when the court finds that a particular officeholder is not doing legal duty and thereby is infringing on the right of an individual.

Source: Class 11 NCERT

Qn 4) Which of the following can be attributed to the causes of inequality in our country?

  1. Caste divisions
  2. Sex differences
  3. Providing education
  4. Lack of resources
  5. Poverty
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
  • A. 1, 3 and 4 only
  • B. 1, 2, 4 and 5 only
  • C. 2, 3, and 5 only
  • D. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
Ans: (B)
Learning Zone: Caste, Sex, lack of resources, poverty has resulted in inequality whereas education creates awareness and it results in eradicating inequality but not as a reason for inequality. However, boys and girls did not get equal opportunities due to gender discrimination.

Updated Questions in NCERT Economics – UPSC Prelims All India Mock Test (306PT)

Qn 1) Consider the following statements about World Trade Organisation (WTO):

  1. World Trade Organisation was founded in the year 1950.
  2. It replaced the General Agreement on Trade and Tariff.
  3. WTO agreements cover both goods and services in international trade facilitation.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  • A. 1 only
  • B. 1 and 2 only
  • C. 2 and 3 only
  • D. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C

Learning Zone: WTO was founded in 1995 as the successor organisation to the General Agreement on Trade and Tariff (GATT). The WTO agreements cover trade in goods as well as services to facilitate international trade (bilateral and multilateral) through removal of tariff as well as non-tariff barriers and providing greater market access to all member countries.Source: Class 11 NCERT